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Friday, November 24, 2017

Soda Can Dancing By Omoleshe Dance Group, Namibia

Edited by Azizi Powell

This pancocojams post showcases an introductory video about the Omoleshe Project and also showcases two videos of children from the Omoleshe Dance Group in Namibia, South Africa dancing while banging together two soda cans.

The content of this post is presented for cultural, entertainment, and aesthetic purposes.

All copyrights remain with their owners.

Thanks to Omoleshe Projects Namibia for their health awareness, social, and cultural work in Namibia and thanks to the Omoleshe Dance Group for their creative performances. Thanks also to the publishers of these videos on YouTube.

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SHOWCASE VIDEO-INFORMATION ABOUT OMALESHE PROJECTS
Example #1: Omaleshe Projects Short Version



dryaddryad, Published on Oct 1, 2011

We are a charity, working in partnership with Omaleshe Projects Namibia, using the teaching of dance, drama and drumming, soccer and workshops as a means of raising HIV awareness and protection of harm from abuse amongst children. The HIV prevalence rate in Namibia is around 22% and a recent Amnesty International Report (2007) identified a high level of violence against women and children and a high level of child rapes within Namibia.

Omaleshe is an oshiwambo word meaning young and vibrant and our vision is to bring joy, energy and confidence to orphans and vulnerable children and to help them to realize their potential. We are reliant on donations and if you would like to help us to continue our work you can donate online through http://www.omaleshe.com

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SHOWCASE VIDEOS- SODA CAN DANCING
Example #1: Soda Can Dance from Oshakati, Namibia



blacfoundation, Published on Oct 10, 2012
-snip-
Here's a comment from this video's discussion thread:
Penny O'Brien, 2014
"This is the Omaleshe Dance Group from Oshakati, not Windhoek. They are well known in the North of Namibia and they are rehearsing at the Youth Centre."

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Example #2: Omaleshe perfoming at Maroella Mall Ongwediva



Andrew Nangolo, Published on Jun 17, 2014

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Wednesday, November 22, 2017

Two Examples Of The Costa Rican Song "Rice And Beans"

Edited by Azizi Powell

This pancocojams post presents information about a common dish throughout the world that consists of beans and rice.

This post also showcases the Costa-Rican Calypso song "Rice And Beans" and includes the lyrics to that song.

The content of this post is presented for cultural, entertainment, and aesthetic purposes.

All copyrights remain with their owners.

Thanks to all those who are featured in these YouTube examples. Thanks also to all those who are quoted in this post. Thanks also to the publishers of these videos on YouTube.

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INFORMATION ABOUT RICE AND BEANS DISHES
from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rice_and_beans
"Rice and beans are a staple food in many cultures around the world. It provides several important nutrients, and is widely available."

**
From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gallo_pinto
"Gallo pinto or gallopinto is a traditional dish of Nicaragua and Costa Rica, made with rice and red or black beans. The beans are quickly cooked until the juice is almost consumed.

The history of gallo pinto is found in Nicaragua and Costa Rica, where the dish originated.[1][2][3] One theory suggests that gallo pinto was brought into Latin America by African slaves.[4]

Etymology
Gallo pinto means "spotted rooster" in Spanish. The name is said to originate in the multi-colored or speckled appearance that results from cooking the rice together with black or red beans.

[...]

See also
Hoppin' John - the equivalent dish in the Southern United States."
-snip-
In my experience in the United States, "rice and beans" is usually referred to as "beans and rice".

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SHOWCASE VIDEOS
Example #1: Costa Rica Puerto Limon Calypso,Rice and Beans



saprissa26, Published on Jun 17, 2008

Costa Rica Puerto Limon,El Legitimo Calypso Limonense,Rice and Beans

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Note: This is tune was used for the song "Limbo Rock" which was recorded by Chubby Checker.

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Example #2: Demo Rice and Beans-Calipso de Costa Rica



Allan Estrada, Published on Oct 8, 2011

Grupo de Calipso de Costa Rica


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LYRICS: RICE AND BEANS (Spanish & English lyrics)*
Con caracoles rice and beans
Con lagostas rice and beans
con turtuga rice and beans
a mi me gusta rice and beans
Con patacones rice and beans
Cue [que] sabrosos rice and beans
a mi me gusta rice and beans

Rice and beans con coco rice and beans
rice and beans with coconut
con caracoles rice and beans
con camarones rice and beans
con pescado rice and beans
Con lagostas rice and beans
con turtuga rice and beans
con las aletas rice and beans
con piernas de rana rice and beans
que sabrosos rice and beans
a mi me gusta rice and beans
I like it rice and beans


*I retrieved these lyrics on November 16, 2017 from a website, but didn't document that site's name or its link. And now I can no longer find it via Google search.

Additions and corrections are welcome for these lyrics.

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English lyrics: "Rice And Beans" [from Google Translate]

With snails rice and beans
with lobsters rice and beans
with turtle rice and beans
I like it rice and beans
With patacones [?] rice and beans
how tasty rice and beans
I like it rice and beans

rice and beans with coconut rice and beans
with snails rice and beans
with prawns rice and beans
with shrimp rice and beans
with fish rice and beans
with lobsters rice and beans
with turtle rice and beans
with the fins rice and beans
with frog legs rice and beans
how tasty rice and beans
I like it rice and beans

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Tuesday, November 21, 2017

History & Videos Of The Limbo: Trinidad & Tobago's National Dance

Edited by Azizi Powell

This pancocojams post presents information about the limbo dance and showcases two videos of limbo songs and five videos of limbo performances.

This post was previously published in 2012 with the title "Focus On Julia Edwards and The Traditional Limbo Dance"

The content of this post is presented for folkloric, cultural, and entertainment purposes.

All copyrights remain with their owners.

Thanks to all those who are featured in these videos and special thanks to the memory of Trinidadian Julia Edwards, who was an influential pioneer of the limbo dance. Thanks also to all those who are quoted in this post.

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INFORMATION ABOUT THE LIMBO DANCE
From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Limbo_(dance)
"Limbo is a traditional popular dance contest that was known to be originated on the island of Trinidad.
The dance originated as an event that took place at wakes in Trinidad and Tobago, and was popularized by dance pioneer Julia Edwards[1] (known as the First Lady of Limbo) and her company which appeared in several films, in particular Fire Down Below (1957), and toured widely in the Caribbean, Europe, North America, South America, Asia, and Africa in the 1960s and later. The film Julia and Joyce (2010) by Trinidadian/American dance researcher/choreographer Sonja Dumas features the evolution of the Limbo and the contribution of Julia Edwards to the explosion of its popularity.

Rules
A horizontal bar, known as the limbo bar, is placed atop two vertical bars. All contestants must attempt to go under the bar with their backs facing toward the floor. Whoever knocks the bar off or falls is eliminated from the contest. When passing under the bar, players must bend backwards. No part of their bodies is allowed to touch the bar and no part other than their feet may touch the ground. After everyone has completed their turns, the bar is lowered slightly and the contest continues. The contest ends when only one person can successfully "limbo" under the bar without penalty.

Traditionally, the limbo dance began at the lowest possible bar height and the bar was gradually raised, signifying an emergence from death into life. In its adaptation to the world of entertainment, troupes began reversing the traditional order. Julia Edwards added a number of features that are now considered standard, such as human 'bars' formed by the limbs of other dancers and the use of fire in the performance of limbo. Limbo dancers generally move and respond to a number of specific Afro-Caribbean drum patterns. As Limbo gained popularity as a tourist activity and a form of entertainment, pop music began using Caribbean rhythms to respond to the emerging craze in the United States. One major example is the song "Limbo Rock" (recorded by Chubby Checker), which became a number 2 charted hit on the Billboard Top 100, from which emerged the popular quote/chant that is associated with limbo which Checker also helped to popularize: "How low can you go?" Limbo was brought into the mainstream by Trinidadian Calypsonian Brigo (Samuel Abrahams) with his popular Soca song "Limbo Break"


Limbo is unofficially considered the national dance of Trinidad and Tobago,[citation needed] which refers to itself as the land of limbo, steelpan (steel drums), and calypso

[...]

As Limbo spread out of Trinidad and Tobago to the wider world and the big screen, in several other Caribbean islands, such as Barbados and Jamaica, limbo became a major part of the tourism package. Indeed, in Jamaica, the trendy limbo music of the 1950s was often based on a clave rhythm. It is also widely heard in Jamaican mento recorded in the 1950s, in songs such as "Limbo" by Lord Tickler and Calypsonians or "Limbo" by Denzil Laing & the Wrigglers, as well as many other songs not directly related to the limbo dance theme. Limbo is still practiced and presented by numerous dance troupes in the context of the Prime Minister's Best Village Competition and during the Carnival season in Trinidad and Tobago.

In touristic presentations, professional limbo dancers often invite spectators to participate after their presentation. The massive popularity of limbo emerges directly from this audience participation. In recent years, limbo dancing has been conducted as a social "icebreaker" game for tourists at Caribbean and other tropical resorts. The winning dancer often receives a prize.

The name comes directly from the Trinidad dialect of English; Merriam–Webster lists the etymology as "English of Trinidad & Barbados; akin to Jamaican English limba to bend, from English limber".[2]

History
The word 'limbo' dates back to the 1950s. It is conjectured that limbo is a West Indian English derivative of 'limber'. Limber is a sixteenth-century word used in the dialectical sense to refer to a cart shaft, alluding to its to and fro motion:
"Consistent with certain African beliefs, the dance reflects the whole cycle of life....The dancers move under a pole that is gradually lowered from chest level, and they emerge on the other side, as their heads clear the pole, as in the triumph of life over death".[3]

This dance is also used as a funeral dance and may be related to the African legba or legua dance.[4]
The limbo dates back to the mid to late 1800s in Trinidad. It achieved mainstream popularity during the 1950s. An alternative explanation of the name is suggested; that the version of the limbo performed in nineteenth century Trinidad was meant to symbolize slaves entering the galleys of a slave ship, or a spirit crossing over into the afterworld, or "limbo", but no literary reference is known to substantiate this postulated linkage."...

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INFORMATION ABOUT JULIA EDWARDS AND THE LIMBO DANCE
From
http://www.webeat.org/honorees/honoree_2003.htm
"Julia [Edwards] describes the Limbo as Trinidad and Tobago's only true national dance, originally performed at wakes. the limbo was done for nine nights, where some mourners said prayers and others danced the limbo. On the first night, the bar would be at its lowest and would be gradually raised each successive night. This symbolized the elevation of the soul of the dearly departed from its lowest levels on earth to the highest in heaven. When the bar was at it's highest, it was declared victory night, signifying life's triumph over death. On that victory night, the bongo was danced.

As a purely artistic endeavour, this did not sustain rapt attention because the climax came at the beginning, not at the end. Julia turned the dance on its head by using sticks to prop up the bar and the beginning at the highest point, while alluringly working her way down. Of course the costuming had to be more attractive than the mournful black and white, and consequently Helen Humphrey was brought in to do costuming that was more vibrant, and which is today being associated with the dance all over the world. Holly Betaudier, who was the first person to encourage her to dance professionally, came into the troupe to bring his tremendous organizational skills, and they introduced the signature song "I want somebody to Limbo like me". Julia further experimented, first introducing the flaming limbo and later the human limbo.

These Julia took to every corner of the globe, from Dakar to London, Japan to India and from North and South America to Europe. Julia and her troupe not only gave command performances to appreciative audiences, but in its wake brought HONOR and glory to the country's Dance by stamping Trinidad and Tobago as the "Land of Limbo"...
-snip-
Unfortunately, I haven't found any film clips of Julia Edwards.

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SHOWCASE VIDEOS OF LIMBO SONGS
Example #1: Frankie Anderson - The Limbo Song



DrQuickbeam, Published on Oct 27, 2010
-snip-
This song is also known as "Limbo Like Me".

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Example #2: Chubby Checker - Limbo Rock (6 February 1963)



MattTheSaiyan, Published on Dec 5, 2016

Chubby Checker lip-syncs "Limbo Rock" and is awkwardly interviewed, in this clip from the Australian version of "Bandstand". A kinescope recording.

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SHOWCASE VIDEOS OF PEOPLE DOING THE LIMBO
These videos are presented in chronological order based on their publishing date on YouTube with the oldest dated video given first.

Example #1: Princess Shemika Limbo Interview



Tropicalxplosion, Published on Nov 29, 2009
-snip-
This interview features Shemika Charles, born in Trinidad and raised in Buffalo, New York. Note that the narrator for this video mentioned that the limbo was traditionally only danced by men. Female physiques create more challenges to getting under very low limbo bars.

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Example #2: Exclusive & Exciting Live Limbo Dancing Video



Published on Jun 11, 2011

The art of Limbo dancing is a skill that requires fitness and a flair for excitement. MNI Alive captured some exclusive video of the real art of Limbo dancing performed by the Tassa Drummers & Dancers, at the 2011 Carassauga Festival of Cultures.

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Example #3: Limbo Dance



Tashema Wallace, Published on Nov 12, 2011

ujamma dancers performing for Sesame Flyers

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Example #4: BEST VILLAGE TRINIDAD:Limbo



Karel Douglas, Published on Mar 18, 2015

BEST Village Trinidad Limbo

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Example #5: North West Laventille Folk Performers



103FMTrinidad, Published on Jul 23, 2015

The North West Laventille Folk Performers rocked the NCC's VIP Lounge with their limbo performance last night at the launch of Carnival 2016.

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Visitors comments are welcome.

Sunday, November 19, 2017

Bob Marley - "Zimbabwe" (video, lyrics, comment)

Edited by Azizi Powell

This post showcases a video of Bob Marley singing "Zimbabwe"

The content of this post is presented for cultural, linguistic, and aesthetic purposes.

All copyrights remain with their owners.

Thanks to Robert Nesta Marley for his musical legacy and thanks to the publisher of this video.

One love to the citizens of Zimbabwe during this historical time.
https://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/zimbabwe-mugabe-expected-fall-celebrations_us_5a1047d3e4b0dd63b1aabead?ncid=inblnkushpmg00000009
Zimbabwe’s Ruling Party Ousts Mugabe, Party Sources Say
The 93-year-old leader has ruled the country for the last 37 years.

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SHOWCASE VIDEO: Bob Marley - Zimbabwe



b1bek, Published on Oct 24, 2010

Bob Marley - Zimbabwe. 1979-21-07 Amandla Festival - Harvard Stadium, Boston, MA

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LYRICS: ZIMBABWE

(Robert Nesta Marley)

Every man gotta right to decide his own destiny,
And in this judgement there is no partiality.
So arm in arms, with arms, we'll fight this little struggle,
'Cause that's the only way we can overcome our little trouble.

Brother, you're right, you're right,
You're right, you're right, you're so right!
We gon' fight (we gon' fight), we'll have to fight (we gon' fight),
We gonna fight (we gon' fight), fight for our rights!

Natty Dread it in-a (Zimbabwe);
Set it up in (Zimbabwe);
Mash it up-a in-a Zimbabwe (Zimbabwe);
Africans a-liberate (Zimbabwe), yeah.

No more internal power struggle;
We come together to overcome the little trouble.
Soon we'll find out who is the real revolutionary,
'Cause I don't want my people to be contrary.

And, brother, you're right, you're right,
You're right, you're right, you're so right!
We'll 'ave to fight (we gon' fight), we gonna fight (we gon' fight)
We'll 'ave to fight (we gon' fight), fighting for our rights!

Mash it up in-a (Zimbabwe);
Natty trash it in-a (Zimbabwe);
Africans a-liberate Zimbabwe (Zimbabwe);
I'n'I a-liberate Zimbabwe.

(Brother, you're right,) you're right,
You're right, you're right, you're so right!
We gon' fight (we gon' fight), we'll 'ave to fight (we gon' fight),
We gonna fight (we gon' fight), fighting for our rights!

To divide and rule could only tear us apart;
In everyman chest, mm - there beats a heart.
So soon we'll find out who is the real revolutionaries;
And I don't want my people to be tricked by mercenaries.

Brother, you're right, you're right,
You're right, you're right, you're so right!
We'll 'ave to fight (we gon' fight), we gonna fight (we gon' fight),
We'll 'ave to fight (we gon' fight), fighting for our rights!

Natty trash it in-a Zimbabwe (Zimbabwe);
Mash it up in-a Zimbabwe (Zimbabwe);
Set it up in-a Zimbabwe (Zimbabwe);
Africans a-liberate Zimbabwe (Zimbabwe);
Africans a-liberate Zimbabwe (Zimbabwe);
Natty dub it in-a Zimbabwe (Zimbabwe).

Set it up in-a Zimbabwe (Zimbabwe);
Africans a-liberate Zimbabwe (Zimbabwe);
Every man got a right to decide his own destiny.

Source: https://www.azlyrics.com/lyrics/bobmarley/zimbabwe.html
-snip-
Here's information about the word "natty" that I included in a discussion thread about Bob Marley's song "Natty Dread" that I started in 2007 on Mudcat's folk music forum

https://mudcat.org/thread.cfm?threadid=100728

"Subject: RE: Natty Dread
From: Azizi
Date: 12 Apr 07 - 11:07 PM

http://www.answers.com/topic/natty has this definition for 'natty':

"nat·ty (năt'ē)
adj., -ti·er, -ti·est.
Neat, trim, and smart; dapper.

[Perhaps variant of obsolete netty, from net, elegant, from Middle English, from Old French. See neat1.]

nattily nat'ti·ly adv.
nattiness nat'ti·ness n.

The adjective natty has one meaning:

Meaning #1: marked by smartness in dress and manners
Synonyms: dapper, dashing, jaunty, raffish, rakish, smart, spiffy, snappy, spruce"

-snip-

http://takeourword.com/TOW127/page2.html provides this information about the origin and meaning of the word 'natty':

"Most etymologists seem to favor the explanation that the word is a variation of the obsolete netty "neat, elegant" from Middle English net "clean, tidy" (14th century). This would make it a relative of modern English neat, which also comes from Middle English net. Net also meant "neat, clean" in Old French, hence modern French nettoyer, "to clean". The source of the Old French word is Latin nitidus "elegant, shiny", from the verb nitere "shine".

Interestingly, neat dates from the 16th century, while natty first appears in the 18th century in Grose's Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue: "Natty lads, young thieves or pickpockets." The Indo-European root here is *nei- "to shine", which may have given English the word lilac, from Persian nil "indigo"."
-snip-
Based on those definitions, my sense is that Bob Marley was encouraging the Black revolutionaries in Zimbabwe to take over that nation in a neat, efficient, and dashing way.

Whether that happened then, it appears to be happening now.

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