Thursday, May 24, 2018

Awilo Longomba & P-Square - Enemy Solo (Lingala lyrics, video & comments)

Edited by Azizi Powell

This pancocojams post showcases the 2015 song "Enemy Solo", a collaboration between Congolese singer Awilo Longomba and the Nigerian duo PSquare.

The post includes the official YouTube video of "Enemy Solo" and the Lingala lyrics to that song. Please help translate these lyrics to English or French. Thanks!

Selected comments from the YouTube video's discussion thread are also included in this post.

The content of this post is presented for cultural, entertainment, and aesthetic purposes.

All copyrights remain with their owners.

Thanks to Awilo Longomba and P-Square for their musical legacy and for this collaboration. Thanks to Nigerian director Clarence Peters and all others who are responsible for this video. Also, thanks to all those who are quoted in this post.

(as performed by Awilo Longomba and psquare)

P Square aye mabe
Awilo aye mabe oh
P Square aye mabe
Awilo Longomb'aye mabe
enemy solo(tindika)

aïe aïe aïee, kolobisa ngai te(enemy solo)
tokatani lititi eh tokomi binemi oh oh(enemy solo)
aïe aïe aïee dikoko tufi eh(enemy solo)
sukisa sukisa kombo na nga(enemy solo)

ba mamans eh an yeh, ba mamans eh an yeh, ba mamans an yeh,
ba mamans an yeh
ngai na kumisaki yo(iyo iyooo)
allez kabo kabo kabo kabo kabo kabo kabo, P Square grooos
allez kabo kabo kabo kabo kabo kabo kabo, Awilo grooos

allez clap your hands
Awilo: nga moko pure na ngai
pure na ng'azalaka te
yo soit disant pure na ngai
pure na ng'otongoko ngai
pure na ng'okoselaka makambu epa ya batu eh
yango nga na decidé: tosololaka lisusu te
mamaaan aan an pusa kuna enemy solo eh
aïe aïe aïee eeh eh eh eh
ngai naboi na ngai matongi ye yeee(mamaaan aan an)
tika vie na ngai tranquille(eeh eh eh eh)
enemy solo


SHOWCASE VIDEO: Awilo Longomba, Psquare - Enemy Solo (Official Video)

Awilo Longomba, Published on May 27, 2015

The Most anticipated video "Enemy Solo" from Congolese legend Awilo Longomba and Africa's superstar duo Psquare is finally here!!!!

Enemy Solo in Lingala means "Enemy Bad Smell" which simply refers to enemies of progress, or as Nigerian will call it "Bad Belle" people

Produced by Vtek and Directed by renowned Visual genius Clarence Peters the video illustrates an underground dance battle with Awilo and Psquare as Judges.

Choreographed by Dance Queen "Kaffy", CEO dancers' Ezinne Asinugo and Congolese UK based Choreographer Sir Loui

Statistics (as of May 24, 2018 10:37 AM EST)
5,628,828 total number of views

17K- total number of likes

889- total number of dislikes

923- total number of comments
Click for information about Awilo Longomba.

Click for information about P-Square.

Numbers are assigned for referencing purposes only.

As is the case with other pancocojams posts, I'm particularly interested in documenting the use of such African American Vernacular English (AAVE) terms as "killed it", "dope", "the bomb", "cool", "fire", "hot", "on point", "mad", and other contemporary AAVE terms by commenters in YouTube contemporary music videos' discussion threads.

I'm also interested in documenting the use of Jamaican Patois terms such as "one love", "big up", "tune" ("chune"), "jah", and other Jamaican Patois terms in the same YouTube discussion threads. Note: some of the above mentioned Jamaican Patois terms may not be in this compilation.

1. PKdamu
"This song has taken me waaaay back waaaay back to the days of "Carolina" By Awilo .....that song still drives me nuts. Thank God for to watch Carolina. EXCELLENT AND NOSTALGIC"

2. Olakunle Dele
"This is a top African-class delivery.... I have it on repeat....#Livinglegend #Awilo
I will rock this song the whole summer....Respect from Nigerian living in the scandinavia"

3. Chisom Enyioko
"Perfect combination here...

African music is the bomb..."

4. Blaise
"Awilo came back with a strong game 100% fire"

5. Mukendi Kalambay
"Well done Brother Awilo, bonne strategie keep going up , cool le style"

6. Nguema Mba
"Awilo a legend with the new school P Square. Music is unity and love"

7. Felix Ajadalu
"I am a Nigerian.,I reside in Italy,.I never knew that awilo could do this any more. I so much love him,p.square as well. you guys are amazing. one love, one Africa."

8. nicolz lami
"The BOSS himself, Awilo!!!"

9. Millicent Ojwaka
"Wow! Awilo killed it! Congo music anytime!"

10. Daniel Maobe
"Never got what he sings but this guy Awilo Longomba made my childhood could dance the hell out of his songs.. going strong as usual.. mad tune!"

11. Diana Deng
"this song gonna blow up soon. wait for it"

12. Omolara Alao-Aboko
"The song is so good! Awilo is definitely a great talent and didn't miss a beat.
The VIDEO gives all the life to this song. Clarence Peters does such a great job. You can tell the pros from the non-pros from the quality of the work and attention to details. Such a great work! <3 it."

13. Amosun Adeola
"Great stuff. To be honest, this video surpassed my expectations. Never knew Awilo still has it in him. The viz is dope."

14. Champagne Mami
"Who knew a collaboration between Nigerian and Congolese music would sound so good?!
We need more of this..amazing track!"

15. Emmah Juma
"big up p square for this collaboration with congolese legendary awillo longomba"

16. Yannick Zerony
"Congolese legendary??? Sorry but your music of choice is awful, for you to claim Awilo to be a legend. He is a great Artist yea but not legend!"

17. Azlite74
"+Yannick Zerony Psst! what you selling? Awilo is our own Baba, we don hear all them others, na'im be our choice. We no dey wish you bad."

18. Nathanael Adiakpan
"+Yannick Zerony Awilo is an absolute legend. I'm Nigerian, not Congolese; but you don't need to be from Congo to know that Awilo is a legend.

All you need is a pair of functional ears."

19. kaija rogiers
"so 9c"

20. Loide Nghidengwa
"I like the the dance competition theme, reminds me of high school dance competition school that were always so exciting to watch."

21. Iliwa Iriamai
"Awilo man, where have you been? Missed hearing ya tunes. You need to come down to Australia man."

22. Peter Penaco
"Good music, but was trying to get a handle on the story line "Progress against Enemies of progress ". Video and dance moves were all mixed up wasn't clear what is what. Just as clear as in Michael Jackson's "Beat It" video Anyway good music loaded with talent needs to be cleaned up a bit

Peter Okeke
Houston, TX "

23. Desire Oduma
"shout to p sqare representing nigerians"

24. Philippe Alexandre OGANDAGA
"enemi solo cool"

25. Tehetena Teketay
Your biggest fan from Ethiopia!! Welcome back, you have been missed!!!
Psquare!!! always on point! ya'll make Africans Proud! Loving this song!"

26. jey sung
"Look at this energy! Who want to say that Awilo is nolonger young?? Then match the logomba men if you can! whether you like or not we go dewish dem gooood ooooh!"

27. Nuruddeen Muhammad
"love this music.....God bless Africa, one love."

28. Anne Elijah
"Its not bad all. Nyce job."

29. Anita Tamba
"Awilo still doing his thing. i Remember i was just a baby when i heard his music"

30. Roots Bondowe
"Added value:
For DRCongolese: the songs scale up RDC music/image to P-Square funs
For Nigerians: It brings more P-SQUARE in DRC and probably was critical moment for Paul and Peter to learn and understand RDC rythm. Most probable the next P-SQUARRE corus will include some DRC rythrm( je m'appele chop money....]"

31. switbabby
"wow..really missed awilo.i remember as a kid during family functions we used to dance to his music even f we ddnt understand a word.His talented.His a happy"

32. Aaron Garica
"Cool song"

33. caroline fasuyi
"Keep in mind that our music is (Nigerian, Congolese, Ghanaian, Jamaican...etc.) is oh so good because we are family!"

34. Baba Sillah, 2017
"Caroline fasuyi Liberian Music as well."

35. Lorriane ebrunie
"Finally, Central Africa meets West Africa thanks to:
Congo (DRC) & Nigeria <3"

36. DKhisa
"Hopefully the Moroccans dont make a bastardized parody out of this .."

37. Vanessa

38. Vito Don Pedro
"+jerzeykid2006able lol for real? they do that?"

39. DKhisa
"+Vito Don Pedro
they parodied Psquare shekeni and some other african song and some No Name Arabic song no one knows or cares about"

40. Vito Don Pedro
"+jerzeykid2006able will def check it out sha.. for the fun of it"

41. okuomose okuns
"+jerzeykid2006able hahahaha..i wouldn't put it pass them.."
Notice that the commenter changed his or her screen name

42. Asedri Amin
"Very nice, this teamwork cultural collaboration is not only transforming African culture but also breaking regional cultural barriers."

43. Nicole Otutu
"This song for all the haters. Good job Africans. Hailing from USA."

44. Tonny Okello
"Awilo Longomba is an African musical legend. He has been entertaining us for more than two decades now. Good to see him work with the likes of P- Square to introduce him to the younger people."

45. Sandra Yossa
"When you're waiting for your country to step up their music game as well...😀😅😅"

46. Elizabeth Olowo
"+Sandra Yossa lol what country are u from?"

47. Sandra Yossa
"+Elizabeth Olowo Cameroon"

48. Elizabeth Olowo
"ohhh nice"

49. Sandra Yossa
"+Elizabeth Olowo
And you?"

"+Sandra Yossa Her name sounds Yoruba"

51. Elizabeth Olowo
"+Sandra Yossa Am from Nigeria (yoruba)"

52. Elizabeth Olowo
"+AKAN TRIBESMAN ur right."

53. Maka Velli
"+Sandra Yossa X-Maleya is doing great music too."

54. Sandra Yossa
"+Maka Velli that's true, I completely forgot😊 their music is👌👍"

55. Maka Velli
"+Sandra Yossa I don't understand everything they say but the melodies and the instrumentation r good."

56. Sandra Yossa
"+Maka Velli that's alright cus when you like the music the lyrics don't matter😊
where are you from?"

57. Maka Velli
"+Sandra Yossa Congolese. R u Anglophone or Francophone?"

58. Sandra Yossa
"+Maka Velli francophone"

59. Maka Velli
"+Sandra Yossa Your English writing is good. I know the country is officially bilingual but still..."

60. Sandra Yossa
"That's cus I don't live in Cameroon"

61. Tracy Love
"Nice music from psquare keep it up my man this is a great work lovely people nice dancers sweet music one love"

62. Mimi Tshimanga
"the more Africa unite the better for the Africa love it"

63. Musah Hassan
"Finally 😍😍😍😍😍 collabo on point ... Awilo"

64. Noah Giah
"African music is the best I am from west Africa Liberia and I live in the USA but trust me in my car I got all the best Africa music god bless Africa one love"

65. Benjamin
"Awilo is like 50+ years old and he can still kill it with style and talent ."

66. N-zey Célé
"Nigerians sound engineers brings something which missed in Congolese end African musics, THE LOUDNESS, LOUDNESS..., don't speak about the best video clip quality.
Good job....Finish Paris, Bruxelles ....for mastering our songs, now is Nigeria (FUBU for us by us)"

67. nacora1trini
"Been listening to Awilo for years... Glad to see he didn't miss a beat... True living legend, this Trini girl is happy ❤️"

68. Diese Vieira


69. Maracouja World Prod.
"Awilo Longomba and Psquare, african mega stars good work bro's you are the best. Africa Music in the Top. Jah bless"

70. sweet one loves
"I am a black American female and when I hear this song something inside jump up in me. and I dancing in a way I cant explain. Mother Africa wakes up in me and I'm whining up my waist, shaking my hips moving my feet . OMG I CANT SIT STILL. THANK YOU FOR THIS SONG, it wakes up my ancestors in and from AFRICA. : )"

71. iamaku09
"Awilo is the original Grandpa bae"

72. carla mendes
"OMG nice 1 😚 😚"

73. TheRegalEagle2014
This is my Soukous song for Summer 2016. Awilo the Soukous maestro still going strong. Kudos my brothers, P Square! Love the video and song."

74. Lucky Johnson
"Nice song... the colabo was hot."

75. Charlette Hernandez
"No matter where you are in the world if you are BLACK African music should make you feel good. it makes me want to dance, and I feel peace when I hear it. Sincerely your Long lost African Relative."

76. Naija Boy
"Im Nigerian but whenever I hear awilo I wish I spoke French"

77. Remy Lofombo
"Naija Boy his speaking Lingala"

78. Felix Khale
"I like it..still banging in 2017."

79. Krista Opara
"If u the wish me good e i go the wish u good e if u the wish me bad i go wish u good"

80. Williams Blessing
"how come I hvnt come across dis song till now gush its lit!!"

81. Hudson Joel
"Awilo,the OG. Love this jam!"
"OG" here is an African American Vernacular English (Hip Hop) term that means "Original Gangsta". In the context of this comment, "OG" refers to Awilo Longomba's longevity as a performer of hit songs.

82. Marsden Kanu
"wow I haven't seen awilo years he looks so different still well
he has come a long way from being a drummer in a band to solo singer in soukous genre to become a legendary African artist
wow keep up the good work"

83. purplestax4
"Fantastic collab two greats!!! The dancing talent is amazing!!"

84. M Mberson
"If i dey wish me bad i wish u good ooo."
This is a Nigerian Pidgin English form of one of the lines from this song. The "ooo" at the end emphasizes what was said.

Thanks for visiting pancocojams.

Visitor comments are welcome.

Wednesday, May 23, 2018

Positive References To Black Natural Hairstyles That Were Worn By Attendees At Prince Harry & Meghan Markles' Wedding (With Two Videos Of Meghan Markles As A Child)

Edited by Azizi Powell

This pancocojams post compiles examples of positive references to natural hairstyles (dreadlocks, cornrows, twists, twist outs, braids, or 'fros) that were worn by attendees at the wedding of the Duke & Duchess of Sussex (Prince Harry & Meghan Markle) on May 19, 2018.

In particular, this compilation documents how different terms were used to refer to the same hairstyles- for instance, in various articles or comments Meghan Markles' mother Doria Ragland's hairstyle was referred to as "dreadlocks", "twists", or "twist outs"- which aren't the same hairstyles.

Also, tennis champion Serena Williams' hairstyle was referred to as "braids" or "cornrows" which again are two different hairstyles - although some people might (correctly?) say that she wore both hairstyles. However, Serena's hairstyle was also referred to as "braided cornrows and thigh-length Senegalese twists" and twists aren't the same as braids.

The Addendum to this post also showcases two videos of Meghan Markle as a child.

The content of this post is presented for historical and socio-cultural purposes.

All content remains with their owners.

Congratulations and best wishes to the Duke & Duchess of Sussex and thanks to all those who are mentioned in this post. Thanks also to all those who are quoted in this post and thanks to the publishers of these videos on YouTube.
Visit "Article Excerpt About Andre Walker's Hair Typing System And Selected Black Natural Hair Care & Hair Styling Terms" for definitions of the natural hair terms that are used in this post.


Pancocojams Editor's Note: These excerpts are given in no particular and are numbered for referencing purposes only. I'm interested in documenting the terms used as references for these hairstyles as well as some of the comments made about these hairstyles.

These selected comments purposely don't include any racists and/or otherwise negative examples. Among those racists comments were those that equated one or more of the attendees with monkeys or gorillas; those that indicated that cornrows should be named "cotton rows"; and those that indicated hairstyles styles being dirty, smelly, and/or ghetto.

References to these hair styles are given in italics to highlight these sentences.

Excerpt #1:
From Meghan Markle and the Bicultural Blackness of the Royal Wedding
...Despite [Meghan Markle's mother] Ms. [Doria] Ragland’s being the sole member of Ms. Markle’s family at the wedding, we still know so little about her. In contrast to the media obsession with Ms. Markle’s father and his children from his first marriage, Ms. Ragland is a bit of a mystery who rarely gives interviews. As a result of her silence, we are left to deduce meaning from her physical image. As she sat across from the British monarchy in her pale green Oscar de la Renta dress and coat, it was the symbolism of her long dreadlocks, quietly tucked underneath her hat, that spoke volumes as it reminded us that black women’s natural hair is regal too.


But, for me, it was the awesome power of the Kingdom Choir — the Christian gospel group from southeast London — and its leader, the renowned gospel singer Karen Gibson, that captivated me. They did not simply give us a rollicking rendition of Ben E. King’s “Stand by Me,” but rather showcased the sheer breadth of a trans-Atlantic black identity. Against the muted tones of their beige and mauve clothing, the various hues of their brown complexions, the complexity of their hairstyles (ranging from twists to cornrows to straightened hair) and their expert use of the African-American songbook stood out even more.

Excerpt #2:
From Meghan Markle's Mother Stunned With Her Nose Ring And Locs In A Twist Out At The Royal Wedding
Siraad Dirshe, May, 19, 2018
One of the many reasons we were excited to watch Meghan Markle and Prince Harry's wedding was to see how Doria Ragland (Meghan's mom) stunned. As the mother of the bride, there was no doubt she'd show up looking absolutely gorgeous.

And that she did!


Fresh glowing skin, a slight smokey eye, and a nude lip comprised the look de jour. As for hair, Mama Ragland's shoulder length locs, she wore a twist out and pulled them away from her face. But the beauty accessory we couldn't get enough of was her nose ring."...

Excerpt #3:
From Doria's new look: Mother of the bride debuts new hair and heels as she joins Meghan at Cliveden House Hotel just hours before the Royal wedding
By Unity Blott For Mailonline, PUBLISHED: 13:48 EDT, 18 May 2018 | UPDATED: 18:08 EDT, 18 May 2018
“It was her first official appearance as the mother of the bride.

And Doria Ragland debuted a dramatic new look tonight as she arrived at Cliveden House Hotel with her daughter Meghan Markle tonight.

The yoga instructor and social worker, who wore her hair tied back as she jetted out of Los Angeles earlier this week, appeared to have styled her hair into soft twists, tied back with a silk scarf.


[photo caption]
New look: The yoga instructor and social worker, who wore her cornrows tied back as she jetted out of Los Angeles on Friday, wore her hair down in soft twists, tied back with a scarf.

Excerpt #4:
From Serena Williams Slayed In Cornrows And Senegalese Twists For The Royal Wedding
"Serena Williams was the epitome of #HairGoals at the royal wedding.

The new mom arrived at Meghan Markle and Prince Harry’s ceremony at Windsor Castle on Saturday, along with her husband Alexis Ohanian, looking like American royalty in a blush pink, draped Versace dress that hugged her curves. But it was her fresh braided ‘do we couldn’t stop staring at.

Just before the wedding, Williams took to Instagram to show off her braided cornrows and thigh-length Senegalese twists, which were pulled up into a high ponytail and topped with a matching, sculptural fascinator. Needless to say, it was a standout cultural moment that was met with praise from both Williams and fans alike on social media.

“Look at my braids, I’m wearing braids! Yasss!” Williams said on her Instagram story, as she documented her wedding-day prep with Ohanian and her daughter.


5:38 AM - May 19, 2018

Loving all the locs, twists and braids at the #royalwedding come thru @serenawilliams 🙌🏾🏆

7:59 AM - May 19, 2018

Markle’s mom Doria Ragland also rocked her locs at the star-studded affair, and 36-year-old Williams gushed about her friendship with Markle as she was getting ready on Instagram.


And honestly, we’re happy we just found a new protective style for summer. Slay, queen Serena!"
"Fascinator" = a term for a hair accessories/ hair sculpture that is worn in women’s hair for formal events such as the Kentucky Derby or traditional English weddings

Excerpt #5
From Diversity Of Looks
Serena Williams worn cornrows to the royal wedding

This meme perfectly illustrates why it was so amazing that Serena Williams wore cornrows to the royal wedding
by Maggie Parker Mon, May 21 9:37 PM EDT
"In case you somehow avoided the royal wedding, we should tell you that one of the aspects people cannot stop talking about is how diverse the beauty looks were compared to past royal events.

Of course, with Meghan Markle’s biracial background, some racial diversity was guaranteed. What caught everyone by sweet surprise, however, was that the diversity went far beyond the Duchess of Sussex. From the black gospel choir to the bishop who quoted Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. in his sermon, black heritage was proudly referenced. And while Meghan’s hair was in a popular low messy bun for her big day, some of her guests wore more creative ’dos. Serena Williams rocked long cornrows with a perfect pink fascinator, and Meghan’s mom, Doria Ragland, wore her hair in shoulder-length dreadlocks. Some of the gospel singers of the Kingdom Choir, which performed at the ceremony, wore their hair in fancy cornrowed updos, and others wore theirs in loose natural ’fros.

All of these women looked absolutely stunning and sophisticated...

Some see this as a major moment for black hair. A meme was created featuring Williams at the wedding with the caption, “If an employer/school ever makes a comment about your twits [sic], braids, or cornrows please reply with, ‘if it’s good enough for a royal wedding, it’s good enough for you.’” The meme has been shared on Instagram and has over 8,000 likes. It also features photos of Ragland, other African-American wedding guests like Oprah Winfrey, and a video of the choir showcasing members’ hairstyles, including conductor Karen Gibson’s gorgeous gray, braided updo.

Mae 🌻💛
19 May
My daughter excitedly said to my mother, on seeing Doria Ragland: she has hair like yours 😭😭💗❤️🖤 #RoyalWeddding

Our beautiful black hair(all styles, lengths and textures) was on display as elegant and acceptable for the occasion at a Royal Wedding.

Yooooo I was BEYOND that Serena wore rows!! With the long pony!! Yaaassss #blackgirlmagic,” one user commented on the post. “I noticed all of the black women’s hair! Twist, Braids, Locks, Nature Hair*, Relaxed Hair!! Let’s not forget the nose ring we have been always told by society that if our hair wasn’t a certain way it was socially unacceptable by the European standards! But this historical moment says otherwise! ” said another follower. “Our beautiful black hair (all styles, lengths and textures) was on display as elegant and acceptable for the occasion at a Royal Wedding,” someone tweeted. “My daughter excitedly said to my mother, on seeing Doria Ragland: she has hair like yours #RoyalWeddding.”

Shonda Rhimes shared a similar sentiment. “My 4 year old upon seeing Meghan Markle’s mother: ‘Mommy, the Queen is so beautiful!’ Me: ‘Yes. Yes, she is.’ She never once noticed any other Queen in the room. My work here is done.”

Gray’s point was proven last year when the Perception Institute found that white women demonstrate the strongest bias — both explicit and implicit — against textured hair, rating it as less beautiful, less sexy or attractive, and less professional than smooth hair.

But it’s not just natural black hair that is unaccepted; cornrows, braids and dreadlocks are far too often characterized as low-class and dirty. Remember the white mother who called her biracial daughter’s cornrows ugly and insinuated that the look was “too black?” Then there was the Banana Republic employee who faced discrimination over her braided hairstyle and was told by her manager that her look was inappropriate for working on the store floor. Two years ago, 9-year-old soccer player Aubrey Zvovushe-Ramos was unexpectedly pulled from the lineup by the referee because of the beads in her braids. And no one will ever forget when E! host Giuliana Rancic said on air that Zendaya’s dreadlocks made her smell “like patchouli oil. Or weed.”

So, as the meme points out, it’s important for the world to see that black hairstyles can be formal, sophisticated, and chic. “The meme does bring up a valid point: my locs/fro/curls are good enough for royalty but not good enough to clock in at my cubicle or be the CEO?” Gray argued. “But I also hope this brings awareness that whiteness (or proximity to it) is not the tool to measure beauty.” In other words, she said, it should not be up to white people to decide which black hairstyles are “acceptable.”
“nature hair” probably a typo for “natural hair” meaning usual Black African hair texture [type 4] worn in its natural state without any heat or chemical treatments

"relaxed hair" = hair that is straightened by chemicals or by heat

Here's the link for the Instagram link mentioned in that article is
Here are some selected comments from that article's discussion thread (with numbers assigned for referencing purposes only)
1. 124Wiseone, May 22, 2018
"I think African Americans have often yielded to the comfort of whites. Perfect example is how some feel about the African American hair versatility. as reflected in the comments. A lot of the braids are amazing art. They are geometrically balanced. They are really a work of art. When Bo Derek wore them whites especially were in awe. But, for some reason Black hairstyles seem to be a threat to some whites. If you can't appreciate the versatility in Black hair, that's fine, but don't insult people. There is a certain comfort and freedom when African Americans do not conform to the comfort of whites."

2. TERRY, May 22, 2018
"Everything in black culture is a threat to white people. They are insulted that we even exist."

3. 124Wiseone, May 22, 2018
"@TERRY you can tell by the thumbs down replies."

4. Neverchange, May 22, 2018
"Black women wore their natural hair at the Royal Wedding of Prince Hary and Meghan Markle and they knocked those styles right out of the ball park. Black women ROCK!! I am ecstatic!"

5. Tara, May 22, 2018
"awww the jealousy here is hilarious...white women try to put their hair in braids and cornrows all day every day and claim credit for the trend, those are your wives, daughters and mothers.... lol bless your little hearts, hate what can't understand or typical, especially the yahooligans...its ok, your daughter will be wearing the soon enough lol and the dreads you guys try to copy...but then you guys always steal from other cultures and then try to claim at as your own...again, typical

6. Betty, May 22, 2018
"I was oblivious to the whole hair thing. I'm white and have naturally curly hair - after the torture of the feathering stage in the late 70's I gave up and embraced HUGE 80's hair, 90's spiral and working woman shorter waves. It's too exhausting to fight what parents mix up and spit out, your features are your features and they are beautiful. I'm glad black women are finally able to enjoy their hair!"

7. TERRY, May 22, 2018
"As a black woman I would like to advise the writer of this article that Serena wore braids not cornrows. There is a difference."

8. Willie, May 23, 2018
"This article is about corn rolls but it forgot to mention the big weave braid she was sporting."

Example #1: Emotional moment Prince Charles grabbed Meghan's mom Doria's hand, she belonged to the family

Hot news 24h Today, Published on May 21, 2018

Emotional moment Prince Charles grabbed Meghan's mom Doria's hand, she belonged to the family
Two people’s hands reaching for the other, and a warm smile. And from the way that Doria Ragland’s face lit up, she suddenly felt safe, no longer lonely in St George’s Chapel....

Example #2: Meghan's mom is staying at Kensington Palace with her & Harry for wedding preparations

Royal Insider, Published on May 10, 2018

Meghan Markle’s mother has arrived! Doria Ragland flew to London to help her daughter prepare for her upcoming wedding to Prince Harry, Us Weekly confirms.
The yoga instructor, 61, is staying at Kensington Palace with Harry, 33, and Markle, 36. A source tells Us that Ragland will meet the entire royal family — including Queen Elizabeth II, Prince Charles, Prince William and Duchess Kate — in the next few days, along with her ex-husband, Thomas Markle, who is scheduled to land in the U.K. later on Thursday, May 10.

The source adds that Ragland and Thomas will attend a private rehearsal at St. George’s Chapel at Windsor Castle next week. The former actress’ best friend Jessica Mulroney will arrive in London on Monday, May 14.

Example #3: Stand by Me' performed by Karen Gibson and The Kingdom Choir - The Royal Wedding - BBC

BBC, Published on May 19, 2018

Example #4: Choir members react to royal wedding performance

CBS News, Published on May 20, 2018

Example #5: Royal Wedding 2018: Serena Williams stuns in floral Valentino gown in her second look of the night

NEWS LIVE, Published on May 19, 2018

Royal Wedding 2018: Serena Williams stuns in floral Valentino gown in her second look of the night.
As Prince Harry and Meghan Markle stepped out in their elegant outfit changes to celebrate their we .....

Example #6: Royal wedding cellist: Teenaged musician Sheku Kanneh-Mason wows guests

CBC News, Published on May 20, 2018

The royal wedding cellist, Sheku Kanneh-Mason, 19, played three songs for guests as Harry and Meghan signed the register.
Although most of the comments in this post referred to Black women who attended the royal wedding, Sheku Kanneh-Mason, the cellist who performed at the wedding should also be included in this post as he "sported" a 'fro.

Also, click for a pancocojams post about Bishop Michael Curry who delivered a sermon at the royal wedding. Bishop Curry also had a 'fro.

1. See Meghan Markle When She Was an 11-Year-Old With Pigtails

Inside Edition, Published on Nov 27, 2017

2. See Meghan Markle on ‘90s Nickelodeon Show After Protesting Sexist Commercial

Inside Edition, Published on Nov 30, 2017
These videos certainly seem to indicate that Meghan has her hair "relaxed". meaning she has her hair straightened.

In the late 1960s and 1970s and beyond that time some Black people postulated that whether people of Black descent wore their hair straightened or un-straightened (i.e. in a "natural" hairstyle) was an indicator of how "conscious" they were. "Conscious" her meant and means the same thing as the contemporary African American Vernacular English term "woke"- "to be aware of (alert to) and to work toward issues concerning social justice and racial justice, particularly as they concern Black and Brown people.

Acceptance of Black natural hairstyles is important for many psychological and socio-cultural reasons and it is good to see Black people and other populations recognizing that natural hairstyles can be beautiful. However, hopefully, we have grown past that time when wearing straightened or natural hairstyles are indicators of a person's "consciousness" or state of being "woke".

I believe that, inadvertently, the Duchess of Sussex, formerly Meghan Markle, will help reinforce this point.

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Visitor comments are welcome.

Five YouTube Hair Styling Videos For Females With Type 3 Or Type 4 Hair (The Most Common African American Hair Types)

Edited by Azizi Powell

This is Part II of a two part pancocojams series on an African American hair typing system and video examples of those hair types.

This post showcases several tutorial or hair styling several videos for females with type 3 and type 4 hair.

Click for Part I of this pancocojams series. Part I also includes some definitions for Black natural hair care and hair styling terms. By "Black natural hair" I mean type 3 and type 4 hair that is in its natural state (without the addition of heat or chemicals).for Part I of this pancocojams series. Part I provides text only information about the Andre Walker hair typing system with a focus on its descriptions of the most common African American hair types: type 3 and type 4 (with type 3c and type 4c additions).

This post also includes some definitions for Black natural hair care and hair styling terms. By "Black natural hair" I mean type 3 and type 4 hair that is in its natural state (without the addition of heat or chemicals).

The content of this post is presented for cultural and educational purposes.

All copyrights remain with their owners.

Thanks to all those who are featured in and who published these YouTube videos.

Example #1: Night to Morning Natural Hair Routine

Mini Marley, Published on Jul 2, 2015
Some people use twists to develop dreadlocs. If so, they wouldn't "take out" their twists.

A commenter wrote that she's noticed the pineapple nightly hair care custom (putting her hair up and covering the back and sides of the hair with a scarf has also been used as a daytime hair style for some females.
I think that this video blogger (vlogger) has type 4b or 4c hair (or a combination of both 4b and 4c hair).

Example #2: Yemi Alade inspired detailed hair tutorial. #3/5 Fulani

Hair By Habiba, Published on Sep 15, 2016
Yemi Alade is a famous Nigerian Afrobeats singer. Click that name for pancocojams post on that singer.

Here are some selected comments from this video's discussion thread:
KeeNa Makiba, 2017
"How would someone with 4C or 4B hair achieve be this look with not having long hair like ur daughter?"

. Hair By Habiba, 2017
"Just use some kinky textured extensions or even Marley hair ! Hope this helps 😀"

KeeNa Makiba, 2017
"Hair By Habiba
Ok thank u very much ..I have very short hair and I love this video very much very helpful ..I'm going to try this style for a concert...I'm just starting out natural hair this style will be my first!"
These comments document the way that some Black people are reclaiming the word "kinky" which once was (and often still is) considered a very negative descriptor of [a lot of] Black people's hair type (texture). "Kinky" means "full of tight curls". Type 4 hair is the most tightly coiled (curled) hair texture.

In my opinion, "tightly curled" is probably a more socially acceptable way for people-especially non-Black people - to refer to this hair type.

Note that people (like me) can have more than one type of hair in different parts of their head. For instance, some strands of my hair in the front and the sides are relatively straight and the rest of my hair is tightly curled. So maybe my hair types are 3b & 4a or 4a & 4b. By the way, I didn't really know what my real (natural) hair texture* looked or felt like until I began wearing my hair naturally (in an Afro) when I was 17 years old.

*Back in the day (in the 1950s t0 1970s) Black people used to refer "good hair" and "bad hair". "Good hair was hair textures that most White people had/have (now refer to as "type 2" and "type 3" hair textures). "Bad" hair was hair like most Black people had/have (now called "type 4" hair textures.) We (Black people) used to refer to people's "grade" of hair rather than type or texture of hair.

I think the hair type of the girl in this video has 3a or 3b or 3c hair.

Also, "Marley Hair" that is mentioned in one of these comments is a specific brand of fake hair that is sold for extensions (weaves).

Example #3: 10 Quick and Easy Hairstyles on Natural Hair - 3B/3C

Jasmine D, Published on Oct 18, 2015

Example #3: 6 Cute Ways to Style Your natural TWA 3c 4a 4b & 4c friendly

DISCLAIMER: The small white buds in my hair is the build up of both products used( gel and leave in conditioner). When 2 products don't have the same base they don't mix well.

Hi Guys, So today i decided to show you 6 styles I do with my TWA. For everyone who has a Teenie Weenie Afro knows its difficult to style it, because its so short and you don't know what to do with it. Been there Done that. I got sick of the regular curly fro after a week so I started to play around and experiment with my hair and came up with these 6 styles. They're different and easy to achieve. I hope this video helps.

1.) The Wash N Go Revival is reviving my 4 day old wash n go. I do his by applying water to reactivate the product already in my hair.
2.) The Side Part is pretty self Explanatory, lol.
3.)The Afro is my curls and kinks being picked out.
4.)The half up is like wearing back fro but instead I sleek the sides down and pin the top half up.
5.) The back Fro is my edges sleeked back but the back of hair is in an Afro.
6.) The Sleek Slick Back is brushing ALL of hair down and to the back.

Markia Daily

Products Used:
Spray bottle ( filled with water)
Cantu Shea Leave In Conditioner
Detangler comb
Soft Bristle Brush
Hard Bristle Brush
Olive Oil ECO Styler Gel

Example #4: 7 NATURAL HAIRSTYLES (For Short to Medium Length Natural Hair) (4B/C Hair)

Healthy Afro Hair, Published on Mar 23, 2018

Natural hairstyles created on my natural hair. So this is the first hairstyles video I’ve done on my channel since going natural.

By the way, prior to styling my hair I used a small amount of the following products for some of the styles;

1. Water
2. Aunt Jackies Knot On My Watch Instant Detangling Therapy
3. Eco Style Black Castor & Flaxseed Oil Gel.

These are not shown in the video, as the main focus was on the hairstyles and NOT products. So feel free to use ones of your choice.

Let me know which one(s) you like best!

Hope you enjoy the video 😊

Example #5: Perfect Twistout EVERYTIME on Type 4 Natural Hair // Lasts 7 Days+

Halfrican Beaute, Published on May 2, 2018

This concludes Part II of this two part series.

Thanks for visiting pancocojams.

Visitor comments are welcome.

Article Excerpt About Andre Walker's Hair Typing System And Selected Black Natural Hair Care & Hair Styling Terms

Edited by Azizi Powell

This is Part I of a two part pancocojams series on an African American hair typing system and video examples of those hair types.

This post provides text only information about the Andre Walker hair typing system with a focus on its descriptions of the most common African American hair types: type 3 and type 4 (with type 3c and type 4c additions).

This post also includes some definitions for Black natural hair care and hair styling terms. By "Black natural hair" I mean type 3 and type 4 hair that is in its natural state (without the addition of heat or chemicals).

Click for Part II of this pancocojams series. Part II showcases five hair styling several videos for females with type 3 and type 4 hair.

The content of this post is presented for cultural and educational purposes.

All copyrights remain with their owners.

Thanks to Andre Walker for devising this hair typing system and thanks to those who added the other two hair type descriptions to that system. Also, thanks to all those who are quoted in this post.

The Only Hair Typing System Article You’ll Ever Need by KENNETH
"What’s your hair type? Are you a 3b or 4A hair type? Maybe – that is if you decide to use one well-known hair typing system. Your hair type could also be an “OS” or an “IS” according to a different hair typing system.

We’re asked very often about hair typing systems. More specifically – many naturals are interested in how to determine their hair type. Generally speaking – we don’t discuss hair typing very often because there are many things that each person must do to care for their hair regardless of their individual hair type.

Having said that, we do recognize that there are some differences associated with caring for certain types of hair. Furthermore, many women utilize hair typing systems to describe the way their hair looks.

I think it’s important to be clear about a few things before we begin discussing hair types. There are multiple hair typing systems – including the Andre Walker Hair Typing System, LOIS, and FIA’s Hair Typing System.

We don’t endorse or recommend any particular hair typing system, however, we recognize that the system created by Andre Walker is substantially more popular well-known and communicated than the other hair typing systems.

Note: This doesn’t imply that Andre Walker’s system is necessarily the best or most accurate.

During this guide I will discuss very specific details associated with the most popular hair typing systems – beginning with Andre Walker, then LOIS and finally FIA.

Disclaimer: It’s very easy to incorrectly determine your hair type if you only look at the pictorial representations that have been provided. Please don’t rule out a particular hair type simply because your hair doesn’t look like the pictures below.

Andre Walker Hair Typing System

Andre Walker is famously known for creating a hair typing system or infamously known depending on your perspective. Andre reveals his hair typing system in a book titled Andre Talks Hair!.

Andre makes it very clear in his book that everyone has good hair regardless of ethnicity. He was hoping to immediately debunk the often ridiculous good hair vs. bad hair debate prior to diving into a discussion about hair typing.

Unfortunately, many people believe that Andre’s Hair Typing System is hierarchical and intentionally places kinky hair in the bottom (“worst”) category. Andre has made statements over the years that have offended many Type 4 women – including the following comment:

Andre Walker on Type 4 hair: “I always recommend embracing your natural texture. Kinky hair can have limited styling options; that’s the only hair type that I suggest altering with professional relaxing”. Type 4 hair types include the most common hair types found in black hair.

That statement started a tremendous amount of buzz on the internet. He later issued a statement to clarify his initial comments immediately following the Elle article on his personal website. Regardless of his original intentions, his comments definitely offended many women.

Even if you have a negative opinion of Andre Walker, I encourage you to read the book yourself and develop your own opinion of his hair typing system in Andre Talks Hair!. Andre’s system isn’t communicated accurately on many popular blogs that have written articles about the system. Having said that, let’s discuss the hair types defined in Andre Talks Hair!.


Type 3: Curly Hair
Type 3 Curly Hair: Curly hair textures have a definite “S” shaped curl pattern. Since the cuticle doesn’t lay flat, you will notice that curly hair isn’t nearly as shiny as Type 1 (straight hair) or Type 2 (wavy hair) hair types.

Type 3A hair is very shiny and loose.
Type 3B hair has a medium amount curls, ranging from bouncy ringlets (spiral like curls of hair) to tight corkscrews (spiral-shaped corkscrew curls).
Type 3C hair isn’t a part of the Andre Walker Hair Typing System. Please see the “what’s missing” section below for more information.


Type 4: Kinky Hair
Type 4 Kinky Hair: Type 4 is “kinky” or more appropriately full of tight coils (tightly curled hair). Typically, Type 4 hair is also extremely wiry and fragile. Often times, it appears to be coarse, however, it is really very fine, with several thin hair strands densely packed together. Note that type 4 hair is one [of] the most common hair types found in black hair (African American hair).

Type 4A hair is full of tight coils. It has an “S” pattern when stretched, much like Type 3 curly hair.
Type 4B hair has a less defined pattern of curls and looks more like a “Z” as the hair bends with very sharp angles.
Type 4C hair isn’t a part of the Andre Walker Hair Typing System. Please see the “what’s missing” section below for more information.
What’s Missing? Now, Let’s Discuss Hair Type 3C and Type 4C

You’ll notice that Type 3C and Type 4C hair types aren’t mentioned in the discussion above, that’s because they were not included in the original Andre Walker system.

Type 3C was created after Andre Walker released his hair typing system by a community member at The prevailing thought was that the original hair typing system left this hair type out. Consequently, Type 3C hair has been defined as tight curls or coils that look like corkscrews.

Type 4C, like Type 3C, isn’t an actual hair type according to Andre Walker’s Hair System. His comments are actually very simple regarding Type 4 (Kinky) hair – if you can see a definite curl pattern, then you have Type 4A hair. If you can’t identify a defined, specific curl pattern, then your hair type is 4B. I would imagine that the Type 4C hair type was created by a member within the natural hair community – just like the Type 3C hair type."...

This article includes descriptions of type 1 and type 2 in Andre Walker's hair typing system. This article also includes information about two other hair typing systems.

Pancocojams Editor's Note: Definitions for some of these terms are found in more than one excerpt.

Update: May 23, 2018- Excerpt #5 added

Excerpt #1:
"Bantu Knots- A hairstyle created by carefully and precisely parting hair in small-to-medium sections, and then twisting the sections in one direction until they wrap into neat knots. The knots are often secured near the scalp with bobby or hair pins.

Bantu Knot Out- A style, with a highly defined curly or wavy texture, created by releasing Bantu Knots after they are dry.

BC (Big Chop) - Cutting off all relaxed or chemically-treated portions of the hair, leaving only natural-textured new growth.

BNC (Braid-n-Curl) - A style created by plaiting or braiding the hair while wet, and then curling the ends with rollers or flexi rods. After the hair is dry, the braids and rollers are removed to reveal a wavy and curly hair texture.

Coils- A hairstyle achieved by taking small sections of wet or very damp hair and smoothing, while rotating the sections, one-by-one, from root to tip. Tiny styling combs have been used for coils, as well as a finger. Typically, a gel is applied prior to coiling for longer-lasting hold and shine.

Coily - A term used to reference the texture characteristic of natural Type 4 hair, whereby the configuration of the strand resembles a small-diameter ink pen spring. The coil is most evident when the hair is wet and/or defined with a curling custard/ gel. It usually remains evident when the hair is allowed to dry undisturbed from a soaking wet stage.

Flat Twists - A technique whereby the hair is two-strand twisted flat to the scalp, in cornrow fashion.

Fluff - The use of fingers or a pick to add volume and shape to natural hair.

'Fro - Afro

Hair Types - 1/2a/2b/2c/ 3a/3b/3c/4a/4b/4cHair typing refers to the amount of texture hair has. Naturally straight hair isType 1, loose-wavy hair is type 2, curly hair is type 3 and coily hair is type 4. In the case of types 3 and 4, the sub-classifications from a - c, are based upon the diameter of the curl or coil. For instance a type 3a curl may have the diameter of a nickel, a 3b, like a dime. Type 4, which is the most common for people of African descent, ranges from the diameter of a pencil eraser (4a), to the diameter of an ink pen spring (4b), and even smaller than that, (type 4c). In some cases, hair may even have a tight z zigzag pattern and no coil at all. This hair type classification system was created by renowned hairstylist and entrepreneur, Andre Walker.

Locks/Locs- A hairstyle whereby small sections of hair are twisted and over time, the strands become permanently secured. As locks/locs grow, they can become quite long.

Pineappleing- Pulling hair into one or several pony puffs, (depending on hair length), using covered or ouch less bands. The balance of the hair remains free. The puff(s) are positioned at the top or at several sites across the head. This procedure helps preserve the coil/curl definition of the style overnight, and also provides some stretch to the hair. When using this technique, it's best to sleep on a satin pillowcase. In the morning, the bands are removed and the sections are gently shaken or fluffed.

Pony Puff- A hairstyle whereby the hair is pulled back at the crown, sides and nape, using headbands, hair pins, scarves, etc. The remaining hair extends freely.

Protective Styling- A hairstyle that helps protect the ends of hair from dehydration and damage, by eliminating the need for mechanical manipulation, (combing, brushing, picking, etc.) and shielding against environmental exposure, (i.e. sun, heat, cold, wind). Some examples are buns, braids, twists, ponytails and various head coverings.

Shingling- A form of Wash n' Go styling whereby a styling curl cream or curl gel is liberally applied section-by section to clean, very wet hair. As the styling product is applied to each relatively small section of hair, the section is smoothed between the thumb and forefinger, in a downward motion from root to tip. The smoothing action, in combination with the styling product immediately makes the coil/curl/wave pattern evident. The hair is then either air-dried or dried with the use of a hood dryer. Once dry, the hair can be gently fluffed for style.

Shrinkage - A term used to describe the reduction of the visual length of hair. It is a process that occurs as wet hair dries and re-coils into its natural texture pattern.

Texturizer- A chemical treatment used to partially relax or loosen the natural curl pattern of highly textured hair. Provides greater stretch/elongation/length, and helps the hair to trail in a downward direction, (as opposed to an "up on out" direction, like an afro.) Texturizers are usually a form of relaxers, just milder in formulation or allowed to process using a different technique or timeframe. Texturizers alter the natural coil/curl pattern permanently and hair processed with them must be cut off in order to return one's hair to its natural state.

TNC (Twist-n-Curl) - A styling technique whereby wet or damp hair is two-strand twisted and then rolled on rods or rollers. Once dry, the curlers are removed and the hair untwisted.

Transitioning- This is the process, (also called "the journey" or "going natural") whereby one's natural-textured hair is allowed to grow in, while the previously chemically-treated hair is trimmed off in stages. The goal is to have a full head of all-natural hair, but to do so without abruptly cutting off (via the Big Chop) all of the processed hair. A degree of length is maintained by only gradually removing the relaxed or permed portions. Transitioning also involves managing the coily-textured new-growth as it increasingly co-exists with the remaining hair. The strategy for some is to wear textured styles (i.e., rod sets and braids) as the new hair grows in to minimize the texture differences, or to wear or wigs/weaves for a period of time.

TWA - Teeny Weeny Afro

Twist OutA hairstyle created by first two-strand twisting the hair while wet or damp. After the hair is dry, the twists are carefully released and styled.

Twist Out- A hairstyle created by first two-strand twisting the hair while wet or damp. After the hair is dry, the twists are carefully released and styled.

Two-Strand Twists - A hairstyle technique whereby sections of hair are divided into two smaller sections and then wound around each other. The last half-inch or so of each twist is left loose and twirled around the index finger into a coil. 2-Strand Twists can be worn as a hairstyle in and of itself or the twists can be carefully released when dry (Twist-Out) for a look that's fuller, yet with a well-defined coily/wavy texture.

Wash n' Go - A term referring to a relatively quick and easy styling session whereby a defined finished style is achieved without twisting, braiding, knotting, rodding, etc. Hair is first cleansed and conditioned. Coils/curls are then defined with gel or a styling cream and allowed to air dry or dried using a diffuser attachment on a blow dryer set to a low temperature.

May be abbreviated as WnG or W&G
Note that "pineapple" also refers to a hairstyle in which the hair is worn in a ponytail on top of your hair with hair tufts (coils) showing.

Note that "Twist outs" may also be done with twisting three hair strands.

Excerpt #2
Source: A Black Hair Glossary, From A Woman Who's Tired Of People Trying To Pet Her

Growing up, friends would always ask me why my hair was different from theirs. I wish I could've just given them this mini dictionary!

Braid out: Braiding hair, letting it set in for a few hours, overnight or even days to later releasing them to form a wavy or crimped pattern.

Cornrows: Braids, typically done in rows, that lay flat to the scalp. Usually this is the foundation for a weave.

Detangling: Removing all tangles, knots, and kinks from your hair. Word to the wise: Please DO NOT EVER detangle your hair when it is bone dry. Instead you can try applying conditioner from root to tip ensuring the hair is evenly coated to avoid excessive tension that will cause breakage.

Dreadlocks: Hair that has been allowed to matte over time.

Flat twists: Twists done flat to the scalp typically done in rows.

Hair Type Classification System: Or your curl pattern. This system was inspired by Andre Walker (he’s queen bee Oprah’s hair stylist) and is used to identify your hair...

Head tie: A silk or satin scarf that is worn on hair that is relaxed, natural, weaved or in a protective style. Mainly done at night (or days on end if you’re my cousin Naomi), this helps to keep the hair smooth, sleek and tangle-free, preserving the shape and style of the hair as well. Let’s just say you have little to worry about in the morning if you wrap your hair at night and do not have to deal with a messy bed head in the morning. Just unravel and go girl.
Leave-In conditioner: A conditioning product that is to be left on the hair and is not to be rinsed out. It is used to provide hair with added moisture for stronger strands...

Protective styling: Hairstyles that require low manipulation of the hair that are done to protect the hair or give it a break from daily styling and/or wear and tear. This can include weaves, braids, wigs, and twists.

Shrinkage: The difference between what your hair looks like when it is wet and gently stretched out to its maximum length to what it looks like when it is dry. African American textured hair can shrink up to 75%-80% of its actual length and some girls who go natural find this to be bothersome because shrinkage does not showcase the actual progress of the individual’s hair. There are many different ways to combat shrinkage such as braids, flexi-rod sets or roller sets.

Tender-headed: When a person has a sensitive scalp and it hurts when hair is combed or braided. This was me as a kid and it is still me now. I do not like other people doing my hair because that ish hurts. I know what is best for my hair and how much my hair can take, so I prefer to do it myself. If you can’t do it on your own, for the sake of your hair and your edges, enlist and invest in a stylist you can trust. Please and thank you.

Tracks: A parting or a cornrow that establishes the placement pattern of wefts. Side note: You know you have a bad weave when your tracks are showing. Just sayin’.

Transitioning: Growing out the relaxed hair to expose the natural texture.

Touch up: For the girls wearing their hair in a relaxed state, this is the process of applying relaxer to the new growth, usually about ½ to 1 inch every 6-8 weeks.

Twist out: Two-strand twisting natural or relaxed hair using products of your choice: Shea butter, leave-in conditioner, and castor oil to name a few. Usually done before bed, this style is heat free, giving hair defined curls and versatility. A few tips: the longer they twists in, the better, so most girls choose do this right before bed. The smaller they are, the more defined they come out. The way you sleep is also key because you want to preserve the style, not flatten the curls. Use a satin/silk pillowcase or a large satin/silk scarf or bonnet. In the morning, unravel the twists (do not separate them), finger style and go.

Wash and go: This is meant to be a carefree technique. You can either wash your hair with shampoo or co-wash but always use a heavy conditioner when doing so. Once hair is cleaned and conditioned, add a cream or gel and then leave it to air dry or use a diffuser. Before this process you can add oil such as coconut, avocado or olive oil as a pre-poo/pre-wash treatment.

Wrapping hair: This is the necessary act of tying hair up, usually at night, with a silk or satin scarf to maintain style and healthy hair. Doing this helps prevent split ends while sleeping and also extends the lifespan of your hairstyle. To do so, take a brush and wrap your hair either clockwise or counterclockwise. Once done, you can secure with long bobby pins if you want. Then take a silk or satin scarf and tie it around your wrapped hair along the perimeter of your head. This will take a lot of practice to shape your hair to your scalp. But let me tell you honey, once you have it down pat, life will be so much easier."

Excerpt #3:
..."Natural Hair Lingo
It’s easier to understand a topic when you know the lingo. Natural hair is no different:

big chop – cutting off one’s chemically straightened or damaged hair and allowing it to grow back in it’s natural texture.

bantu knot – a hairstyle in which the hair is twisted and rolled up into small buns

TWAs – teeny weeny afros – a short natural hairstyle with a maximum hair length of 2 inches.

faux locs – fake or imitation dreadlocks.

transition – the time after your last chemical straightening but before the big chop.”...
The letters in the term "TWAs" are pronounced separately.

Excerpt #4
"Hair twists, flat twists, or mini-twists, are a hairstyle popular with Afro-textured hair in the United States, and sometimes with other hair textures. The style is achieved by dividing the hairs into several sections, twisting strands of hair, then twisting two twisted strands around one another. They can also be created with one strand of hair at a time, with a comb.[1] They are not to be confused with larger, longer dreadlocks, (or "locs").

Twists can be made when naturally curly hair is still wet and somewhat relaxed from soaking with hot water; when the hair dries, it will shrink, creating a tightly woven texture to the hair twists. Twists can also be done with dry hair for a different texture. Twists can be combined with other hairstyles at the same time, such as afro-puffs and Afro.

In order to maintain twist hairstyles, wearers are advised by hairstylists to cover their hair with a headscarf or durag at night.[2]

Twist out
A variation of hair twists is called a "twist out",[3] where twisted hair is untwisted to create a large, loosely crimped texture, similar in appearance to hair crimping on Caucasian-textured hair that is ordinarily straight. There are two different variations to a "twist out," one method can be done with using two stands of hair and another method uses three stands of hair called a "three stand twist out". Both result in a textured hairstyle when untwisted.[4]

Other twist hairstyles include Senegalese twists, Marley twists, and Havana twists. All of these hairstyles require specific types of hair extensions that are installed to one's head. These styles have been labeled as protective styles because they protect the person's natural hair from daily manipulation. Senegalese twists originated in Senegal, Africa and are commonly performed in African hair salons across the U.S. This style uses synthetic Kanekalon hair, which can last anywhere from one to three months. Marley and Havana twists are more recent hairstyles widely spread through the black hair community in 2013. They look very similar to one another, but have distinct differences. Marley twists use Marley hair extensions that can be found in most hair supply stores from various hair companies and Havana twists use Havana hair extensions sold by few companies that are only available online. Havana twists are generally done with fewer twists than the Marley hairstyle and also weigh less in density because the hair is much fluffier in texture than Marley hair. Both hairstyles like Senegalese can last from one to three months, but should not be kept in for a longer period of time. Due to the technique of these hairstyles a person's natural hair can begin to get matted or form into dreadlocks.
“Afro-textured hair” = type 3 and type 4 hair textures [according to the Andre Walker Hair Typing System]

Note that "Marley Hair" is a specific brand of fake hair that is sold for extensions (weaves).

Excerpt #5
What is the difference between having dreadlocks and twists in your head?
"I want dreadlocks, but are dreadlocks and twists the same hairstyles or are they different?"

"Best Answer: The difference between 'Locks' and 'Twists' are:
TWISTS are the stage that hair goes through to become locks. Twists are simply bunches of hair that have been twisted together , and look like locks. The primary difference is that twists can unravel- they aren't permanent. Most people get twists, and keep them in for a few weeks, then have them taken out for a new hair style.Twists are typically shorter in length; they are normally no more than 1 to 2.5 inches long.

LOCKS on the other hand are the advanced stage of twisted hair. When twists 'mature', they began to tangle-- the hair is actually knotted at this point. When a twist reaches this stage (after about 6 months), it starts to become permanent. The hair is so knotted that it is 'locked' in. Typically, the only way to remove locks are to cut them down to the point where they haven't fully knotted yet- that means probably cutting the hair down to within an inch of the scalp.

Twists- Shorter/Temporary
Locks- Longer/Permanent

PS. Locks can be short. But typically, if you see really short locks, they're likely just twists
I have been growing locks for 2.5 years. I had to go through it all [="
Jabbar. 2011
As a point of clarification, a lot of people wear their hair in "twists" or "twist outs" who aren't trying to grow dreads (dreadlocks; locs). Also, a lot of people wear twists hairstyles for much less than the couple of weeks that is mentioned in this response.

RELATED LINK: Good Hair & Bad Hair (Black Attitudes About Our Hair)
Edited by Azizi Powell on 2/2013; updated- 10/2016

This concludes Part I of this two part series.

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